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CentOS 7下安装Keycloak8.0.2

DevOps 0条评论 2020-2-9 1,287 views

Keycloak是一个致力于解决应用和服务身份验证与访问管理的开源工具。可以通过简单的配置达到保护应用和服务的目的。是个人非常喜欢的一个认证平台,因为他几乎可以支持所有的认证集成。

更新系统和基本准备


更新CentOS7系统补丁

yum update -y


安装Java8

yum install -y java-1.8.0-openjdk wget


创建keycloak用户

KeyCloak不允许root运行

groupadd -r keycloak
useradd -m -d /var/lib/keycloak -s /sbin/nologin -r -g keycloak keycloak


配置外部数据库驱动(例如:Mysql、Microsoft Sql Server)

在Microsoft SQL Server中创建keycloak数据库

Mysql参考链接


安装Keycloak


创建软件运行目录

为了方便日后升级,通过软链接管理版本

mkdir -p /usr/local/keycloak/8.0.2
ln -s /usr/local/keycloak/8.0.2 /usr/local/keycloak/current
cd /usr/local/keycloak


下载Keycloak软件

wget https://downloads.jboss.org/keycloak/8.0.2/keycloak-8.0.2.tar.gz
tar -xzf keycloak-8.0.2.tar.gz -C /usr/local/keycloak/current --strip-components=1
chown keycloak: -R /usr/local/keycloak


配置standalone文件夹权限

因为他包含隐私数据

cd /usr/local/keycloak/current
sudo -u keycloak chmod 700 standalone


下载Microsoft SQL Server连接驱动

下载jdbc驱动,并拷贝到文件夹中,稍后进行配置

https://download.microsoft.com/download/4/D/C/4DCD85FA-0041-4D2E-8DD9-833C1873978C/sqljdbc_7.2.2.0_enu.tar.gz
tar zxvf sqljdbc_7.2.2.0_enu.tar.gz
mkdir -p /usr/local/keycloak/current/modules/system/layers/keycloak/com/microsoft/main
cp sqljdbc_7.2/enu/mssql-jdbc-7.2.2.jre8.jar /usr/local/keycloak/current/modules/system/layers/keycloak/com/microsoft/main


添加module.xml驱动描述文件

cat > /usr/local/keycloak/current/modules/system/layers/keycloak/com/microsoft/main/module.xml <<EOF
<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<module xmlns="urn:jboss:module:1.5" name="com.microsoft">
 <resources>
 <resource-root path="mssql-jdbc-7.2.2.jre8.jar"/>
 </resources>
 <dependencies>
 <module name="javax.api"/>
 <module name="javax.transaction.api"/>
 </dependencies>
</module>
EOF


编辑keycload standalone文件夹中的standalone.xml文件

先对配置文件进行备份

cp /usr/local/keycloak/current/standalone/configuration/standalone.xml /usr/local/keycloak/current/standalone/configuration/standalone.xml.bak

添加datasource和driver,替换KeycloakDS数据源为sql server的 vi /usr/local/keycloak/current/standalone/configuration/standalone.xml

        <subsystem xmlns="urn:jboss:domain:datasources:5.0">
            <datasources>
                <datasource jndi-name="java:jboss/datasources/ExampleDS" pool-name="ExampleDS" enabled="true" use-java-context="true" statistics-enabled="${wildfly.datasources.statistics-enabled:${wildfly.statistics-enabled:false}}">
                    <connection-url>jdbc:h2:mem:test;DB_CLOSE_DELAY=-1;DB_CLOSE_ON_EXIT=FALSE</connection-url>
                    <driver>h2</driver>
                    <security>
                        <user-name>sa</user-name>
                        <password>sa</password>
                    </security>
                </datasource>
                <datasource jndi-name="java:jboss/datasources/KeycloakDS" pool-name="KeycloakDS" enabled="true" use-java-context="true" statistics-enabled="${wildfly.datasources.statistics-enabled:${wildfly.statistics-enabled:false}}">
                    <connection-url>jdbc:sqlserver://10.133.5.37:1433;DatabaseName=keycloak;</connection-url>
                    <driver>sqlserver</driver>
                    <security>
                        <user-name>sa</user-name>
                        <password>yyfwsqlserver@2012</password>
                    </security>
                </datasource>
                <drivers>
                    <driver name="h2" module="com.h2database.h2">
                        <xa-datasource-class>org.h2.jdbcx.JdbcDataSource</xa-datasource-class>
                    </driver>
                    <driver name="sqlserver" module="com.microsoft">
                        <driver-class>com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver</driver-class>
                        <xa-datasource-class>com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerXADataSource</xa-datasource-class>
                    </driver>
                </drivers>
            </datasources>
        </subsystem>


创建Keycloak默认用户

默认用户用于管理员登录

cd /usr/local/keycload/current
./bin/add-user-keycloak.sh -u admin -p VMware1! -r master


创建keycloak系统服务

cat > /etc/systemd/system/keycloak.service <<EOF

[Unit]
Description=Keycloak
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=idle
User=keycloak
Group=keycloak
ExecStart=/usr/local/keycloak/current/bin/standalone.sh -b 0.0.0.0
TimeoutStartSec=600
TimeoutStopSec=600

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF


重新加载Keycloak系统服务

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable keycloak
systemctl start keycloak


(可选)Nginx反向代理Keycloak配置

由于Keycloak属于认证系统,要求证书信任,我的环境中使用nginx载入Let's Encrypt证书,所以我会使用反向代理连接keycloak,那么Keycloak就需要进行如下配置修改

sudo -u keycloak ./bin/jboss-cli.sh 'embed-server,/subsystem=undertow/server=default-server/http-listener=default:write-attribute(name=proxy-address-forwarding,value=true)'
sudo -u keycloak ./bin/jboss-cli.sh 'embed-server,/socket-binding-group=standard-sockets/socket-binding=proxy-https:add(port=443)'
sudo -u keycloak ./bin/jboss-cli.sh 'embed-server,/subsystem=undertow/server=default-server/http-listener=default:write-attribute(name=redirect-socket,value=proxy-https)'

修改配置后,重新启动服务

systemctl restart keycloak
systemctl enable keycloak


(可选)Nginx安装和配置

提前准备好证书,或者使用acme申请免费证书,以下只是示例。

yum install nginx -y
cat > /etc/nginx/conf.d/keycloak.conf <<EOF
upstream keycloak {
    # Use IP Hash for session persistence
    ip_hash;

    # List of Keycloak servers
    server 127.0.0.1:8080;
}

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name my.url.com;

    # Redirect all HTTP to HTTPS
    location / {   
      return 301 https://\$server_name\$request_uri;
    }
}

server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    server_name my.url.com;

    ssl_certificate /etc/pki/tls/certs/my-cert.cer;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/pki/tls/private/my-key.key;
    ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

    location / {
      proxy_set_header Host $host;
      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
      proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
      proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
      proxy_pass http://keycloak;
    }
}
EOF
nginx -t
sysmtectl enable nginx
systemctl start nginx


访问Keycloak管理控制台

https://my.url.com

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